Underdeveloped and developing countries have many challenges to show for the developed countries as they are not less in front of any other developed nation but the thing the developing countries has to show is to tie up their shoes and start running in the race of development in health advancement, innovation in agriculture, industrialization, public administration, Economic growth, reduction of poverty. These all are possible through the human knowledge of the particular nation and their spirit to chase their poverty and reach prosperity.
India is a second highest in population with 134 billion and it is a youngest country in the world as it has the median age of 27 years, the various age groups of India is 0-14 years 28.5%, 15-24 years is 18.1%, 25-54 years are 40.6%, 55-64 years is 5.8% and more 65 age group has 5.7% as per the information taken from the British Council (Indian School Education System) but what is the use if the youth is in dilemma with their careers population alone won’t show an impact in nation development under the disguised education system like a box full of gems won’t shine unless they are polished.
The poor and middle class people of developing country like India feel that education is a precious thing which can change their life, but always the most precious things are hard to get, in the same way the education in India became a business and one who spend money can get good education but the people from poor economic status cannot afford the huge fees charged by the schools and colleges.
Every Government still now have made provisions in education and established schools, colleges and universities to provide the education which brings brightness in the life of people as well as country. Central and state government has been established schools like Navodaya Vidyalayas (Managed by Navodaya Vidyalaya Samithi)by central and other residential schools by state governments to provide free education for the students from villages and for talented students from poor families. There were 598 Navodaya schools which are providing free education for 5th class to 12th class with residential facility with this many students from poor families and villages are getting benefited and still there are many children who are disappointed for missing the chance to study in these kind of schools, as the population is growing the number of schools should also increased and more than thousands of schools should be established and in the state of Telangana, there are 35 residential schools and 2 residential junior colleges these number should also increased for providing free education to maximum students.
Due to population growth and increased competition in education and jobs, people are choosing the private schools and colleges for the better and quick learning as the private schools are following the advanced teaching process and preparing the students to face competitive exams conducted by state and central Government. With this the number of students in the government schools decreased and most of the parents registered their children in the private schools but the government is not blamed for the teaching staff as the teaching staff is selected through the qualifying exams conducted by state and central governments, the drawback for the government schools is not having the advanced teaching process like digitized classes and a proper care on individual student and for proper infrastructure in the schools, where as in private schools they are providing these facilities but when the number of students increased in private schools the quality of education is decreasing and increased unorganized fees.
Impact of Competitive Exam
Day to-day technology has been developing and it is leading to origin of various professions. People are migrating to various places by leaving their old profession. This is a society where man run behind money believing that money can only give happiness.
There are many ways to earn money, but people choose the way which is capable to them and some choose easiest way of earning. Education provides the opportunities to earn the money in different professions, that is the reason every one from poor to rich like to get education. So, education became a business for the educational Institutes. From primary education to University education the private educational institutes are making profit business, but not all the students getting benefited from these institutes. Education is a right of every child in India which was given by constitution of India. Govt of India have made reforms in education system to provide free and compulsory education to below 14 years children.
The children from poor families and backward villages are now getting school education but they are in dilemma to proceed for further education as there is huge competition and growth of uncontrolled fee structure in educational institutions. People who are in a position to afford the fee demanded by institution are getting higher education.
Private educational institutes are getting good pass percentage and making the children to face competitive exams where as in Govt. schools and colleges the pass percentage is less and only few children are facing the competitive exams this is happening due to variation in teaching process and use of latest methods in teaching but the children who studied in govt schools, colleges also have the capability.
So, parents realized and attracted to the private schools and colleges. The private educational institutions understood the pulse of parents and have started attracting them and made profits, in this process when they tasted the profits the quality of education is lost, even though parents and children didn’t changed their minds as they don’t have other option.
As the competition increases the shortcut learning increased with lack of creativity, the education became a process for getting job and it is not showing that much impact in new creations from India. We can observe the most of the goods and machinery we use and import are from foreign countries like USA, Japan, China etc. this is happening due to over increase competitive exams and the main thought of every citizen is to get a job which mean the educational institute are preparing the students to join in the companies which hire them for attracting packages. There is hardly less chance of own creativity comes out but dilutes with problems in the developing country.
When we Come Across People
I have interacted with a friend who have studied in private institute from primary school to 12th class but he could not get the seat in a college in which he interested to do B.Tech so, he went for long-term special coaching by paying nearly a lakh to the institution. He has studied in a private institute to get a good rank in his B.Tech entrance exam and sacrificed a year extra to get the B.Tech seat. And a friend from govt school have also joined for long term to get a seat in B.Tech college. So, here what’s the use of investing lakhs of money in private colleges if there is no difference between the students who are from private and government education background. In this process the student feel pressure, while studying and he may not concentrate completely on the preparation finally it leads to lack of creativity in his knowledge.
When I talked to some parents in a village for basic information that why they are sending their children to private schools when the govt schools are available in villages which provides free education. Some of they said that English teaching is better in private schools and the students in private schools are quick in learning, and the schools also concentrating on students taking classes of IIT concepts from schools stage not all the students are perfect or interested in IIT concepts and other special classes. And forcefully making the students to learn is not a healthy process in getting qualitative education.
Conducting Competitive Exams
There were many issues arise earlier in conduction of competitive exams like, leakage of papers, corrupted people in Educational Boards.
There are illegal practices are happening like; Who pay money will get the question paper prior to exam, Who can pay money are getting a seat in a desired institute.
Finally education became a useless thing for the people who just want to survive, unless we remove money based education. Earlier people thought education gives brightness to their life but in this modern world almost the people are educated but no use as there is more unemployment and some are doing the irrelevant jobs from what they studied.
The literature ratio is increasing but the quality of education became a question mark, this is due to increase in number of schools and colleges without proper facilities and having unqualified teaching staff. Every year more than a million graduates are coming out from different professional courses but not all getting jobs in their profession what they have studied. This is due to lack of jobs opportunities in their profession and the lack of skill in the graduates.
There is no unique syllabus in India, where there are different state education boards with different syllabus. This is a major issue for the students who want to appear for various competitive exams conducted by central and state boards.
Indian education system is huge system which has many boards and it is a good business for private schools and colleges from a small town to big metro cities of India. So, foreign countries like United Kingdom also concentrating to invest in the field of education and establishing the International Schools as part of business, however it make some positive impact in Indian education system but there is uncontrolled fee structure from elementary level to University education.
International schools are gaining profits from the students and attracting them with modernized teaching and digital class rooms. It is a good advancement in Indian education system but how far does the student are benefited. When a student has to face competitive exams conducted by Govt. Board they are not up to the standards for which the students are stepping to special coaching Institutes, there is no use if students who studied in private schools prefers the coaching institutes which are run for the profits.
My views regarding this unbalanced education system is to be balanced by removing the money based education and should have only one national level education board and unique syllabus with high standards, there should be an exception for the language teaching as our country is diversified with many cultures and languages.